In this hand we flop top pair top kicker and call two bets from out opponent. On the river he decides to overbet, what would you do? If you want to call in with a hand or question for Bart email.
- Ao Plays Gta
- Ao Player
- Aq Play Now
- Ao Plays Tjoc
- Ao Plays
- Texas Hold'em, Omaha, 7-Card Stud, 5-Card Draw and more at the most authentic free-to-play online poker room, based on the award-winning World Class Poker with T.J.
- Ace-queen offsuit (AQo) is one of the most polarizing hands in poker. It is no wonder why. AQo is one of the best starting hands in the deck, but it can also be relatively difficult to play.
In blackjack the casinos know that an expert will play perfect basic strategy and their edge is less than 0.5%. They could not stay in business if every player did that. But the casinos know that people are lazy. Very few bother to learn all of basic strategy and the casinos have a nice edge of about 4.0%. That is your edge too. Very few people will bother to learn the basics of poker. They just want to play and get lucky. If you work you can get an edge over them. In today's world of televised professional play a great many of the new stars practiced their skills online. Many won their entry fees to the big tournements by playing online.
The first thing you need to do is download poker software from a reputable poker site. Of course any poker room shown on this site is reputable and recommended. They also allow you to play for 'FREE'. Unfortunately free games do not teach you to play winning poker. With no real money at risk people play recklessly. The value of free games is that you learn the software.
You need to learn the mechanics of buying in at a table, betting, calling, raising,folding etc. Go to the help screen for other features like chatting with other players, sitting out a hand without giving up your seat, automatic check/call or check/fold feature, automatic blinds or manual blinds, watch without playing, taking notes on other players, review your play history, review the play history of others etc.
Play the free games until your are comfortable with all the features
Pre-Flop Texas Hold'em requires three considerations:
If you can learn these principals you will have a big advantage and you should make money in most low level games.
Betting position is the first thing any professional considers. By this I mean where you sit in relation to where the betting starts. It changes every hand, rotating clockwise around the table.
If you are among the first three to bet, early position, you must have a strong hand. There are seven players to bet after you. There might be some big hands betting behind you and you must be careful.
Middle position gives you some information. You know if early players bet, then you should only play strong hands. If no one bets then you can play weaker hands.
Late position is best. You have a lot of information. If some players bet you need a strong hand. If no one bet you can play with a weaker hand.
Early Position Play Pre-Flop
Raise and reraise: AA, KK, QQ, JJ
Raise: AKs (means suited) AQs, AJs, AKo (means off suit) AQo, KQs
Call: TT, 99, 88, 77, KJs, QJs, JTs, ATs, A9s, KQo
Fold: Everything else
Middle Position Play Pre-Flop
Up to four callers played in front of you:
Raise: AA, KK, QQ, JJ, TT, 99, 88, AKs, AQs, AJs, ATs, KQs, KJs, QJs, AKo, AQo, AJo, ATo, KQo
CAll: 77, 66, 55, JTs, T9s, 98s, QTs, J9s, AXs (X means any card) KTs, K9s, K8s, KJo, QJo, JTo
Fold: Everything else
A raise in front of you:
Raise: AA, KK ,QQ, JJ, AKs, AQs, AKo, AQo
Call: TT, 99, KQs, QJs, KJs, AJs
Fold: Everything else
An aside: In the above rankings you might ask why is a QJs ranked higher than AJs? It is because it is easier to make a straight with QJ. Both sides are open. With an AJ you must fill in the exact middle two cards.
Late Position Play Pre Flop
Up to five callers in front of you:
Raise: AA, KK, QQ, JJ, TT, 99, 88, AKs, KQs, QJs, AQs, KJs, AJs, ATs, A9s, A8s, AKo, KQo, AQo, AJo, ATo, A9o.
Call: 77, 66, 55, JTs, T9s, 98s, 87s, 76s, 65s, 54s, AXs, KXs, QJo, JTo, KJo, QTo, KTo
Fold: Everything else
A raise in front of you:
Raise: AA, KK, QQ, JJ, AKs ,AQs ,AKo ,AQo
Call: TT, 99, KQs, QJs, KJs, AJs
Fold: Everything else
Play the good hands. It will keep you out of trouble and if you play them agressively you will make money. Avoid trash hands and dominated hands. I'll give some examples:
Suited faces: KXs, QXs, JXs, etc., except where specically mentioned.
example; K3s, J6s
Two and three gaps: Q8, J7, etc., except where mentioned elsewhere.
Pseudo high cards: KX, QX, JX, TX
Random suited cards: 83s, T5s, etc.
Random cards: T3o, 82o, etc.
When playing online you can have a print out of the above hand rankings by your side. After awhile it will become second nature for you.
Lastly you must study the other players at the table and try and categorize their playing style. You will be playing only the good hands so you will have time to do this.
This player believes he can win with any two cards. He plays most every hand. Never raises. Just calls. In fact he can be described as a calling station. You want your table filled with calling stations.
This player plays a lot of bad hands but bets like a maniac. He raises and re-raises. This player will loose his money in the long run but he can cause big fluxuations in your bank roll. He can be good for you if you have a good hand because he will do all the betting for you. A couple maniacs at the table makes for big pots.
He plays good hands. Nothing fancy. He gets a good hand and bets it. You won't make much money off this predictable player.
Hopefully this is you. You don't play many hands but when you do you take control. You raise with good hands and cause weaker players to make mistakes. With a lot of players in the pot you always have a strong hand and are in the running to be a winner. It is best if you are the only solid player at your table.
Knowledge of these three simple concepts, position, hand rank and opponents playing style, will make you a dangerous player in low level Texas Hold'em.
The concept of a hand range is often foreign to a beginner poker player, but once you understand the idea you will never go back to your old way of thinking. Keep reading to find out more.
How often do you try to put your opponent on a single hand? Do you often say ‘I think he has Ace King’? Nobody, not even seasoned pros, can consistently put someone on a single hand – it's just not possible given the amount of information at your disposal.
The Hollywood scene where the main character has the uncanny ability to read an opponent’s exact cards time after time is completely unrealistic; you shouldn’t hold yourself to such high standards as it will only lead you to make mistakes.
So the question is, what should we do instead of placing someone a single hand?
The answer: we give them a range of possible hands or in other words a set of hands. So instead of ‘he can only have AK’ in a particular situation, we think ‘he can have AK, AQ, AA and some bluffs’. Hand reading then becomes about working out the hand range more accurately; not about finding a single hand that your opponent is holding.
Table Of Contents
Putting your opponent on a single hand doesn’t work
Why doesn’t the method of putting your opponent on a single hand work? Well for one, there are a lot of hands your opponent can typically have; therefore narrowing it down to one hand based on limited information is difficult, if not impossible.
In addition, your opponents should play in a way that gives him multiple hands for the same line (series of actions). If you play a certain way or take a particular line with only ONE hand or hand type then you become very easy to play against. To take an example, it is very easy to play against someone who raises very large preflop with only AA or KK. We just fold!
In order to hand read correctly, we need to piece together the story that our opponent is telling us. With every action (bet, raise or check) our opponent is giving us a piece of information. We must piece this information together to build up a possible set of holdings our opponent may have.We called this constructing a hand range.
If we are on the river facing a bet we must take into account all the actions on the previous streets. In addition to simply what actions we both took, we must also take into account bet sizing and bet timing on EVERY street.
You begin with a wide hand range and progressively whittle it down as more information becomes available. Each opponent action allows us to remove more hands from his range. Sometimes we can narrow an opponent's range down to a few hands, but not always.
A common example would be that if someone calls your preflop raise you can typically exclude hands like AA, KK, and AK from their preflop hand range. We can eliminate these hands as they will almost always be reraised preflop. Very few players will flat call AA, KK, and AK versus a raise.
Piecing together all this information is a lot like a puzzle. It can be very difficult to keep all the information in your head during a hand; this is one of the key reasons that poker is such a difficult game to master. Although piecing the ‘puzzle' together becomes easier with experience as you will subconsciously work it out. Practice will make perfect.
Hand range example
The best way to explain a range is to do a full example.
One of the main benefits of playing online is that you get to use a HUD(heads up display). A HUD will give you information on what your opponent may be holding in a preflop scenario. So we can use our HUD to estimate what our opponent may be raising from early position – this allows us to make adjustments based on if he is raising a wide or narrow range.
Vs a wide range we should fight back and call or raise might often.
Vs a narrow range we should fold more often.
To take an example, we are on the BTN with AQ and face a raise from UTG from an aggressive opponent. We see that the UTG raiser is opening 17% of hands (if this was a live game we would use an approximation).
We estimate this to be the following (you can directly plug this into equilab): 22+,A2s+,K9s+,Q9s+,JTs,T9s,98s,ATo+,KQo
We choose to call in this situation and the blinds fold resulting in a heads up pot.
The flop comes down Q♦ 5♣ 2♥ (rainbow board) and as a result, we have a very strong hand. Villain bets half pot and we call. Raising is not an option here because raising would fold out all his weak hands and only leaving strong hands. A large proportion of these strong hands are stronger than us – not an ideal situation.
We expect villain's betting range to be all top pair, overpairs such as AA and KK, and sets. He doesn’t have any two pair on this board texture.
So we expect villain to bet with this range: QQ+,55,22,AQs,KQs,Q9s+,AQo,KQo
That will be his ‘value’ hand range. A value range is the range of hands he will bet hoping that he is betting to build a big pot. He will also have some bluffs such as AK, KJs, JTs and possibly AJ. However, the number of bluffs is very dependent on how the opponent plays. The exact number can be sometimes difficult to estimate and comes with practice:
How did we arrive with theses ranges?
Well first, we expect villain to continuation bet all of his top pair (we are assuming he is quite aggressive). We also know from past experience that this particular villain will not bet hands under top pair for value. So he either bets top pair or better, some bluffs or checks.
The turn comes a 2♦ bringing a flush draw and villain bets ½ pot again. We can apply the same logic but expect villain to slow down with some of his weaker hands: QQ+, 55, 22, AQs, KQs, AQo, KQo
In some cases, the villain will check QQ on the flop or turn but for simplicity's sake, we assume he will bet the two streets. For bluffs, we think villain will bet all of his flush draws and some AK: AK, KJdd, JTdd, AJdd.
It can be difficult when first starting out to determine what villain will do with each hand. This just comes will practice and experience.
The river comes a final blank (not very exciting hand example but makes the range work easier to explain) 7♥. We think villain will again slow down (stop betting) with some of his medium strength hands (KQ) and only continue betting with AQ+:
So our opponent’s final range, including bluffs (busted draws and AKs), may look something like this after opening UTG (under the gun) and betting three streets: QQ+,55,22, AQs+, AdJd, KdJd, JdTd, AQo
With AQ we can then decide to call or fold based on how much he bets.
Ao Plays Gta
Vs this range AQ has 33% equity (from equilab). Therefore, if we are getting 2:1 pot odds (villain makes a pot sized bet) we can call, and if he bets larger we should fold. If our opponent bets smaller we should still obviously call. For more on pot odds see Pot Odds, Equity And Expected Value.
Improving hand reading
One quick method of improving hand reading skills is to play without looking at your hole cards. Playing live this is easy, but online this might mean putting a sticker on your screen over your cards. When you can’t see your own cards you have to focus on figuring out what your opponent may be holding as opposed to how your hand matches up with the board. This focus improves your skills rather quickly and is a great drill to perform even if you’re a seasoned poker player.
A word of warning, however: you are obviously at a great disadvantage when you can’t see your cards so play the lowest stakes possible to avoid large losses. Any loss can be seen as the price of your education.
Otherwise you could check out Splitsuit's course: The hand reading lab. This course is focused on one single objective: improving your hand reading ability.
Once you have understood what a hand range is and how to apply it on the table, you won’t go back to the ‘beginners’ way of thinking. The concept of putting your opponent on a range starts as almost a guessing game during the early poker career; but as your skills improve so does the accuracy of your hand range estimations.
Aq Play Now
Strive to improve your hand range construction skills as this is in essence how you will exploit your opponent. Ultimately, with the best hand reading skills, you will come out the biggest winner at the tables.
Further Reading: My favourite poker book, Applications Of No Limit Holdem By Mathew Janda covers hand ranges in a huge amount of detial. I would recommend checking it out on our best poker books page to find out more.
Ao Plays Tjoc
Good luck at the tables.